A dental implant is a small titanium post that is implanted directly into the jawbone. It perfectly gels with the bone to create a solid foundation for artificial teeth.
When dental implants are inserted, it stimulates the gums and bone, preventing bone deterioration. Dental implants are also more stable than dental bridges or dentures because they are attached directly into the bone.
The implant insertion process requires two surgeries. The first one is implanting the rod into the jawbone, which may take from 3-6 months to heal. When the bonding process is healed, the next surgery is to insert the replacement teeth. Posts which protrudes through the gum are attached to the rods.
Dental implants are one of the best means to achieve natural looking teeth once again. The replacement teeth feel like your own, and they blend in naturally and seamlessly, and can also be coloured to match the shade of your natural teeth. They help to stabilize your jaw and to prevent bone loss. Implants are a better alternative to dentures.
Implants may be used as the root of a single crown, or the roots for multiple missing teeth, known as a fixed bridge. However, there are prosthetics for the whole upper and lower jaw, for extensive dental conditions.
Dental implants procedures are usually conducted in the dental office. The patient is usually given a local anaesthesia to reduce the pain or sometimes general anaesthesia.
Dental implants date back as long as 600 A.D. among the Mayan culture in South America. During those times, animal bones, shells and Ivory were fixed into the jaw to try and replicate the look and function of a missing tooth.
Due to advanced technologies, surgeons are able to insert both the implant and the tooth in just one visit, known as a single-stage implant.
During the first few weeks after surgery, patient will be advised to maintain a soft-food diet. When implants are completely healed, there are no food restrictions and dental implants require no extra care. Consistent and regular oral hygiene habit is necessary both pre-and post-implant surgery.
Your dentist can determine if one is a candidate for implant surgery from their medical and dental history, and from the density and size of the jawbone.