Guide to the Popular Types of Dermal Fillers

Guide to the Popular Types of Dermal Fillers

Dermal fillers are the facial fillers which work as magic such as plump thin lips, lift eyebrows, enhance cheekbones and make you look a few years younger.

The dermal fillers are injected within an hour and require very less downtime afterwards. The side effects are minimal and you may experience an allergic reaction to dermal filler for a while. In most cases, a person gets mild bruising, swelling or redness where the filler has been injected. These all are temporary side effects which don’t last forever. The side effects might disappear after 6 months which depends on the filler and how it is used.

There are many types of dermal fillers products in the market. You need to find the right one depending on your budget, doctor’s experience and individual skin types. The common types of dermal fillers are-

  • Calcium hydroxylapatite

It is also known as Radiesse which is found naturally in human bones. This is a mineral-like compound and is often used to-

  • Moderate to severe creases such as nasolabial folds, marionette lines and frown lines.
  • Enhance cheeks and other facial features.
  • Improve the facial areas which have affected due to intake of medications such as HIV positive.

Calcium hydroxylapatite is produced naturally where there is no use of animal products. There is no chance of allergic reaction and side effects. It is safe and used initially in dentistry.

  • Hyaluronic acid (ha)

This is used to improve the skin contours and reduce scars, injuries and lines. It also improves-

  • Acne, burn and wound scars
  • Cheeks
  • Crow’s feet at the corner of the eyes
  • Deep smile lines from the side of the nose to corners of the mouth
  • Frown lines
  • Marionette lines at the corners of the mouth

Hyaluronic acid is found naturally in the body. It is present in high amount in soft connective tissues and in fluid surrounding eyes. It is also found in cartilage, joint fluids and skin tissue. This is one of the most popular injectable fillers which are extracted and reformulated. It is also injected into the aching joints suffering from arthritis to ease the pain.

  • Polyalkylimide

This is semi-permanent dermal filler which is often used by plastic surgeons to-

  • Treat deep wrinkles such as nasolabial folds or scars.
  • Plump thin lips.
  • Enhance cheekbones and the jawline.
  • Treat facial effects from HIV medications.

Polyalkylimide has very little effect on human tissue. This is biocompatible and allergy test is not required. It is radio transparent where there is no use of X-rays.

A thin layer of collagen is formed around after the injection is applied. It is surrounded by gel where a large part can be injected in a single time. This product has got stable over time and can be removed if required.

  • Polylactic acid

It is also known as a stimulator. This synthetic dermal filler is injected into the face and uses the body’s production of collagen. It is non-toxic, a biodegradable substance which is used as a suture material since very long.

This dermal filler works best in the lower half of the face and is used to-

  • Fill the lines caused by laughing.
  • Plump thin lips.
  • Treat nasolabial folds.

Polylactic acid does not give immediate results as it uses own body’s collagen production. For desired results, you require three monthly treatments. With each treatment, there is re-stimulation of own collagen. This takes four to six weeks for complete results. It is semi-permanent dermal filler which requires occasional touch-ups.

The choice of dermal fillers is based on several factors. This is different from chemical makeup. It gives longevity and a lot of softness to the skin. Softer fillers are used in the lips while sturdy fillers are used for enhancing cheekbones.

The surgeon will determine which is suitable for you and the amount of filler needed for the particular areas of your concern. For some people, this could be a simple office-based procedure which enhances the appearance. These are injected by an experienced surgeon or medical spa.